How will India Deal with Mass Education?

Coming a long way from gurukuls to digital classrooms, the education system of India has transformed itself manifold, from providing education as a privilege to imparting education as a right. The revolution in this field since independence has augmented the national literacy rate from a mere 18% to a whopping 74% in 70 years.

But India stands in a dichotomous position when it comes to education in today’s time. While it is suffering from a large population without even the merit of matriculation, on the one hand, it is also creating a pool of young people with degrees and no jobs on the other.


The 21st – century India has no scarcity of educated young graduates, unlike a few decades ago. But, what it lags in is an appropriate number of white-collar jobs for them.

With wide regional disparities in literacy rates and the largest number of illiterate population in the world, India has striven to educate its populace through every possible means. But, it seems that irony just died a thousand deaths with this mission to spread education creating yet another, a bigger struggle for the people. Vast groups of young individuals with degrees under their name are applying for unskilled labor work in order to somehow earn a livelihood.

Where does the fault lie?

The culpability for this deplorable condition of the country’s human resource lies in the degraded quality of education imparted to a majority of the population. With education becoming a fitting means of earning quick money, our young graduates stand nowhere in the competition of getting a suitable white – collar job because of their incompetent knowledge.

Along with the tragic failure of the education system, the economy’s inability to create an equivalent ratio of jobs comes as a prime concern for the country, today. The ever – increasing number of students graduating as engineers and doctors and professionals, forced to remain unemployed, is a consequence of the government’s incapacity to revitalize the financial system. The economy is to be blamed for its failure to create employment for such a large population of qualified individuals. Even when the best lot of our educated youth drains out to the west and middle – east, the domestic economy fails to equip the rest with a respectable job.




The principal question that arises in this situation is: how will India deal with mass education?

Potential solutions to the issue

One of the most important albeit overlooked issues in today’s scenario is this problem of mass education. China, suffering from the same crisis, has started modifying its university education system into vocational training. Converting universities and colleges into centers for vocational learning can be a solution for the growing number of qualified people with no practical skills. The big difference that this will create will be the increased number of applicants for blue – collar jobs instead of white.

Another important issue to be addressed in the same light is the maintenance of quality along with quantity. With its entire focus on expanding education to all, the system has failed to address the quality of learning imparted. An increased emphasis on the education quality will ensure that the graduate individuals are capable and competent in their field.

Last and the most significant feat to achieve would be the creation of a good deal of jobs suitable for the educated populace. This process may take a long while to finish. But the seeds must be sown as soon as possible to reap the fruits at the earliest.


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