NEW DELHI: As many as 24 states are likely to scrap the no-detention policy in schools from 2018 with the Union Cabinet and Parliament approving the amendment of the relevant provision of the right to education act that allows the states to bring back evaluation-based promotions.
According to a senior official, the change in the Right of Children for Free and Compulsory Education Act became necessary due to the fall in learning outcomes that translate into an over 20% dropout at Class IX.
Under the current regime, students are promoted automatically till class VIII. But now they will be tested twice – in class V and VIII and those who fails in the March exam will be given another chance in May. Else the students will be detained in the same class.
There have been several instances of large scale failures in classes XI and these were seen as due to the lack of qualitative and quantitative assessments in earlier classes. On occasions students protested and turned violent. The class X board exam was optional and it was only recently that a decision has been taken to bring it back from March, 2018.
Earlier it was envisioned that with the implementation of the comprehensive and continuous evaluation (CCE) system students will be continuously assessed from Class I, eliminating the need for an examination to promote students to the higher classes. But CCE proved difficult to implement and teachers lost leverage over students with many government schools turning into mere “mid-day meal” providers.
“This experiment of no-detention and automatic promotion affected the learning outcome adversely. Now 24 states explicitly stated as much and two committees did the same. The central advisory board of education (CABE) adopted the sub-committee’s recommendation for rolling out the changed policy in a phased manner.