If government targets to stabilise population, it should raise the education level of women in the state. The higher level of education among women, the lower will be the total fertility rate (TFR) -the number of children who would be born per woman (or per 1,000 women).
The explosive growth in the global population could be curbed significantly if teenage girls in the developing world were given the opportunity of completing a secondary school education, says a leading expert in human numbers.
Putting girls in developing countries through secondary school is one of the single most important factors that causes them to have fewer babies in later life, said Joel Cohen, professor of populations at the Rockefeller University in New York. That could cut the expected growth in the human population by as much as three billion by 2050. The present global population is 6.7 billion but would rise to as much as 11.9 billion by then if current trends continue. “Secondary education increases people’s capacity and motivation to reduce their own fertility, improve the survival of their children and care for their own and the families’ health,” Professor Cohen said.
The growth in human population will exacerbate environmental degradation as more people compete – sometimes fiercely – for limited food, water and land. Attempts at limiting growth have concentrated on providing birth control to women, but secondary female education is seen as increasingly important.
The latest sample registration system (SRS) 2015 shows the correlation between illiteracy and TFR. The plight is that Rajasthan has 24.9% of its women population, which is completely illiterate, which is one of the major reasons behind high TFR. The SRS-2015 has revealed that the TFR is highest (4.2) in the illiterate women population in the state.
“Evidence clearly shows that education has direct effect on the total fertility rate. Education keeps girls and boys in school and helps avert child marriage, thereby reducing adolescent fertility rate. Education also helps families take informed decisions on the number of children they should have and when they should have children, by delaying and spacing child bearing through use of contraceptives” said Diego Palacios, country representative, UNFPA India.
If talking about nationally, India has 16.2% women population which is illiterate.Among such illiterate women population, TFR is 3.7. But, in the country only 10.1% of women are graduates and above, which has TFR as low as 1.6.ome from outside the city.