In the changing world scenario with regard to industry and the job market, there is now an overpowering need for skilled workers. In the present context of globalisation, the demand for skilled and multi skilled workers has increased. Therefore in the context of developing countries, such as India, there is a critical need for quality skill development and training.
In recognition of these needs, the Government of India has adopted skill development as a national priority over the next 10 years.
After ‘Digital India’ and ‘Make in India’, the NaMo Government has launched another programme years back. This one is a revised version of programmes launched earlier under the skill development policy. This new programme, called ‘Skill India’, is supposed to be a multi-skill programme. Like all other programmes, ‘Skill India’ too is a dream project of Narendra Modi and the work to launch this programme has already been initiated.
As President Pranab Mukherjee said in a recently organised CII event in Kolkata,
We often boast about India’s demographic dividend. But the question that arises is what we do with this if we cannot skill them, if we cannot educate them and cannot enhance their employability.
India is one of the few countries in the world where the working age population will be far in excess of those dependent on them and as per the World Bank, this will continue for at least three decades till 2040. This has increasingly been recognized as a potential source of significant strength for the national economy, provided we are able to equip and continuously upgrade the skills of the population in the working age group.
The idea is to raise confidence, improve productivity and give direction through proper skill development. Skill development will enable the youths to get blue-collar jobs. Development of skills, at an young age, right at the school level, is very essential to channelise them for proper job opportunities. There should be a balanced growth in all the sectors and all jobs should be given equal importance. Every job aspirant would be given training in soft skills to lead a proper and decent life. Skill development would reach the rural and remote areas also. Corporate educational institutions, non-government organizations, Government, academic institutions, and society would help in the development of skills of the youths so that better results are achieved in the shortest time possible.
It is also high time now measures are taken to improve the physical and mental development of the youths of the country so that none of them remains unemployed and the country’s unemployment problem also gets reduced. It is time to open up avenues by which the youth accepts responsibility and no one remains idle because an idle youth is a burden to the economy. The economy should concentrate on job creation and social security schemes. With this new approach towards skill development, India can definitely move forward towards its targeted results.
List of standardized courses of skill India programme:
List of Entrepreneurship Development Programmes
- Women Empowerment through Gender Equity,
- Women Educational Development Programme.
Entrepreneurship cum Skill Development Programmes:
- Fashion Designing,
- Photography and Photoshop,
- Technology Infusion cum Skill Development Programme,
- Housekeeping & Hospitality,
- Mobile Repairing,
- Computer Hardware and Networking,
- Core JAVA,
- Digital Photography & Videography,
- Electronic Mechanic.
List of Skill Development Programmes in schools:
- Communication skills,
- Stress management,
- Attitude towards work,
- Problem solving,
- Technological skills
The task of skill development has many challenges in India which include:
a) Increasing capacity & capability of existing system to ensure equitable access to all.
b) Promoting lifelong learning, maintaining quality and relevance, according to changing requirement particularly of emerging knowledge economy.
c) Creating effective convergence between school education, various skill development efforts of government and between government and Private Sector initiative.
d) Creating institutional mechanism for research development quality assurance, examinations & certification, affiliations and accreditation.
e) Increasing participation of stakeholders, mobilizing adequate investment for financing skill development, attaining sustainability by strengthening physical and intellectual resources.