The system of inclusive education is a relatively new concept. It involves the schooling for disabled students along with the normal students in the same setting and teaching practices. The teaching setup and techniques have to be modified according to the students.
The principle of inclusive education was adopted in 2006 by the United Nations under the United Nation Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities. India had ratified it in 2007.
Since India has ratified this concept, it is a part of the Right to Education (RTE). But a major drawback emerged when schools failed to effectively implement this concept, leaving disabled students without access to education. A petition was filed at the Delhi High Court voicing this issue. The petitioner, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, said that India, having ratified the United Nation Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities, was under an obligation to make ‘inclusive education’ effective in all schools in the country.
The ground reality of the implementation is that there are some high-standard schools that implement this policy. This is only witnessed in some of the metropolitan cities. Many cities across the length and breadth of the country have failed to create an infrastructure which suits inclusive education. It is in this manner that the RTE completely fails to work for the disabled students.
The petition, filed with the Delhi HC, was forwarded to the Central Government to seek an answer. A bench of Acting Chief Justice Gita Mittal and Justice C Hari Shankar issued a notice to the Centre and the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, asking them to file a response within four weeks and listed the matter on March 6 next year.