Education is a fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights.. Everyone has a right to knowledge. But why isn’t that right given to the women in India? India is a nation where women are compared to goddesses like Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge. Still,a large gender gap emerges which was highlighted in the 2011 census that showed the male literacy rate to be 82.14% while for females it lags behind at 65.46%..
Female education is a catch-all term for a complex set of issues and debates surrounding education.The impact of education on girls is extraordinary. Education sustains human values. It forms the foundation for learning and critical thinking. Education also provides skills for girls to become more self-reliant and provides them with more opportunities.Without education, girls are more likely to marry young, have children early, and spend their life in poverty. Yet, when girls are given the opportunity to receive an education, they are more likely to improve their own lives and those of their families, helping to break the cycle of poverty.
But while girls attend primary school in roughly equal numbers to boys, the gap widens as they get older and more are forced to drop out . Here are some of the reasons on why this happens.
Distance from school
Safety of girls travelling alone is a major concern for Indians – the prevalent discourse surrounding recent events has brought to the forefront a longstanding problem. We also see a fear that educating girls causes excessive independence, and this is seemingly manifested in the attitude that parents take to a girl’s education. In many parts of the developing world, the nearest primary school to a particular community might be a 4 or 5 hour long walk away.
Poverty leading to ignorance
Families often think that the cost of education, both monetary and psychological is wasted on a girl because of her decreased earning potential and this selfsame expectation of domesticity. The economic benefit thereof is not immediately apparent to most families. Overall, the expectation of the girl child’s participation in family life seems to be a hindrance in her participation in schooling.girls are forced to marry young, they are often pulled out of school at a very critical age in their development. Too often, parents choose to keep their girls at home and send the boys to school instead.
There are not enough schools for girls, specially in the rural areas.It is commonly perceived that girls suffer for various reasons . The lack of infrastructure much worse than it is in case of boys —for instance, as of 2012 40% of all government schools lacked a functioning common toilet, and another 40% lacked a separate toilet for girls. This in fact creates even more reluctance to allow for girls to be educated.
Society has built up unrealistic gender norms where the men are the bread earners of the society whereas the females need to tend after the kids and the household. People need to broaden their perspective and step out from the shadow of a narrow mentality and accept the fact that if girls are provided with the same facilities that are given to boys then she can become equally successful in life and become the bread earner for their family.
The government needs to make sure that girls get to study more or as far as they wish to. They need to make more schools for girls and encourage more people in sending their girl child to a proper school.Don’t try to stereotype girls into the gender roles assigned by the society. Try treating them equally. They deserve a chance at life as much as anyone else does.